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AAP updates acute otitis media treatment guidelines

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The American Academy of Pediatrics has updated its guidelines for treating acute otitis media, a type of ear infection that is one of the most common illnesses in U.S. children.

The evidence-based clinical guideline, scheduled for publication in the March issue of Pediatrics, provides recommendations to clinicians managing uncomplicated AOM in children ages 6 months through 12 years.

Compared with the previous guidelines, issued in 2004, the new guidelines highlight more stringent criteria to use in making an accurate diagnosis of AOM, which will enable clinicians to prescribe antibiotics most effectively. The guidelines include recommendations for treatment with antibiotics and pain relievers, or observation alone, based on the child’s age and severity of symptoms.

A PDF of the guidelines is available at http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2013/02/20/peds.2012-3488.abstract.

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