The age-adjusted prevalence of self-reported hypertension in the United States increased by 9.7% between 2005 and 2009, according to a report by the CDC.
Self-reported hypertension, based on data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, was significantly higher among the elderly, men, non-Hispanic blacks and people with less than high school education compared with younger populations, women, non-Hispanic Asians and those with higher levels of education.
By state, age-adjusted prevalence ranged from 20.9% in Minnesota to 35.9% in Mississippi in 2009.
Among those with self-reported hypertension in 2009, 62.6% used antihypertensive medications, up from 61.1% in 2005 but down from 63.2% in 2007. The percentage using antihypertensive medication in ’09 was highest in Tennessee (74.1) and lowest in California (52.3).
“Hypertension is a major modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and improving awareness of hypertension is an important first step to treating and controlling hypertension and preventing heart disease and stroke,” according to the report, which appears in the April 5 issue of the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
“Clinical guidelines for hypertension management emphasize the control of hypertension through participation in healthy lifestyle behaviors, and using appropriate and specific antihyperintensive medications with integrated clinical systems to support sustained adherence.”
The full report is available at www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6213a2.htm?s_cid=mm6213a2_w.