Clinicians often take longer to identify children and adolescents who once were overweight or obese as having an eating disorder, and to initiate treatment, according to a study.
Children and adolescents who once were overweight or obese represent a substantial portion of patients being treated for eating disorders, including binge-eating, bulimia and anorexia nervosa, according to background information in the study, which was published on the website of the journal Pediatrics.
In the study, published Sept. 9 on the website of the journal Pediatrics, researchers with the Mayo Clinic describe the specific challenges in the identification and treatment of eating disorders in young patients with a history of obesity.
In the first case described, a 14-year-old boy lost 87 pounds over two years; what began as attempts to eat healthy and exercise quickly developed into severe restriction. Despite the fact he had lost over half his body weight, medical notes indicated no concern about an eating disorder until his mother requested an evaluation.
In the second case, an 18-year-old girl lost 83 pounds in three years, going from the 97th percentile for body mass index to the 10th percentile. At several medical visits, her mother expressed concerns about her minimal dietary fat intake and restrictive eating, but these concerns were overlooked, and the teens amenorrhea and dizziness were attributed to dehydration or possibly polycystic ovary syndrome.
In both cases, despite regular medical check-ups and obvious signs of malnutrition, eating disorders were not identified and consequently worsened. According to the study authors, any weight loss, even if it takes a child from overweight to the average range, should prompt eating disorder screening.
The symptoms of eating disorders should be on every clinicians radar, regardless of the patients weight, the authors concluded.