More than 29 million people in the U.S. or 9.3% of the population — have diabetes, up from the previous estimate of 26 million in 2010, according to a report released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Almost 28% of these cases remain undiagnosed.
These new numbers are alarming and underscore the need for an increased focus on reducing the burden of diabetes in our country, said Ann Albright, PhD, RD, director of CDCs Division of Diabetes Translation.
According to the 2014 National Diabetes Statistics Report, 7.6% of non-Hispanic whites age 20 years or older have been diagnosed with diabetes; Asian Americans made up 9%; Hispanics, 12.8%; non-Hispanic blacks, 13.2%; and American Indians/Alaska Natives had the highest percentage at 15.9%.
There were 1.7 million new cases diagnosed among people age 20 years and older in the U.S. in 2012.
From 2009-12, based on fasting glucose or A1C levels, 37% of U.S. adults age 20 years or older had prediabetes, which translates to 86 million or more than one in three American adults. Without weight loss and moderate physical activity, 15% to 30% of people with prediabetes will develop type 2 diabetes within five years, according to a news release. Among adults age 18 years or older with diagnosed diabetes, 71% had blood pressure greater than or equal to 140/90 millimeters of mercury or used prescription medications to lower high blood pressure.
Diabetes was the seventh leading cause of death in the United States in 2010, according to the report, and may be underreported as a cause of death. Diabetes was listed as the primary cause of kidney failure in 44% of all new cases in 2011.
In 2012, diabetes and its related complications accounted for $245 billion in total medical costs and lost work and wages, according to the survey. This figure is up from $174 billion in 2007.
The 2014 National Diabetes Statistics Report was compiled using data from the CDC, the Indian Health Services National Patient Information Reporting System, the U.S. Renal Data System of the National Institutes of Health, the U.S. Census Bureau, the 2009-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and other sources.
See the full report at: http://1.usa.gov/1q580yq